Cover image for Arrowheads of the Neolithic Levant: A Seriation Analysis By Avi Gopher

Arrowheads of the Neolithic Levant

A Seriation Analysis

Avi Gopher


344 pages

Distributed by Penn State University Press for American Schools of Oriental Research (ASOR)

Dissertations of the American Schools of Oriental Research

Arrowheads of the Neolithic Levant

A Seriation Analysis

Avi Gopher


  • Table of Contents
  • Subjects

List of Figures

List of Tables


Preface and Acknowledgments

1. Introduction

2. History of Research

Stage 1

Stage 2

Stage 3

Stage 4

3. Terminology

Sychronic terminologies

Diachronic terminologies

4. Methodology


Sources of data and its classification

Level 1: Stratified sites

Level 2: Single-stratum sites

Level 3: Systematic surface collections

Level 4: ‘Grab’ samples

Level 5: Problematic assemblages

Arrowhead typology

A1: Abu Maadi point

A2: el-Khiam point

A3: Helwan point

A4: Jericho point

A5: Byblos point

A6: Amuq point

A45 and A56: ‘Intermediate points’

A7: ha-Parsa point

A8: Nizzanim point

A9: Herzliya point

A10: Transverse arrowhead

A11: Fragments

A12: Spearheads

Harif point

Seriation analysis

History of seriation research

Methodological issues of seriation

Application of seriation analysis in this study

5. Survey of Sites

Level 1: Stratified sites

Abu Ghosh

Abu Maadi I

Abu Maadi III



Jericho (Tell es-Sultan)



Nahal Oren

Level 2: Single-stratum sites

Abu Salem

Ain Qadis


Jebel Rubsha

Kadesh Barnea

Kvish Harif

Nahal Divshon

Nahal Hemar

Nahal Issaron

Nahal Reu el

Netiv Hagdud


Qatif Y-3

Salibiya IX

Sha ar ha-Golan

Ujrat el-Mehed

Wadi Jibba I

Wadi Jibba II and IIA

Wadi Tbeik

Yiftah el

Level 3: Systematic surface collections

Giv at ha-Parsa

Horvat Rahud

Kadesh Barnea

Mushabi VI

Nahal Boker

Nahal Lavan

Ramat Matred V and VI

Level 4: ‘Grab’ samples

Haluza Dunes 85

Haluza Dunes 94

Michmoret 26

Michmoret 26-A

Nahal Lavan 104

Nahal Lavan 108

Nahal Seker 81-A


Poleg 18M

6. The Analysis and Its Results

Stage 1: The n=67 analysis

N=67, one-dimensional analysis

N=67, two-dimensional analysis

N=67, three-dimensional analysis

Stage 2: The n=38 and n=44 analyses

N=44 analysis

N=38 analysis

Stage 3: The n=50 and n=47 analyses

Summary of analyses

Group 1

Group 2

Group 3

Group 4

Group 5

7. Absolute Chronology

Group 1



Netiv Hagdud

Gilgal I


Abu Maadi I

Group 2

Group 3



Group 4

Group 5

8. The Geographical Aspect

Stylistic analyses


Preparation input energy

Diffusion analysis





9. Conclusions


A: The sites from levels 1-4

B: The sites from level 5

C: Row data and frequency of arrowhead types

D: Dissimilarity matrix for the SSA n=67

E: Dissimilarity matrix for the SSA n=44

F: Dissimilarity matrix for the SSA n=38

G: Dissimilarity matrix for the SSA n=50

H: Radiocarbon dates B.C. of Neolithic sites in the Levant

I: El-Khiam point (A2) metric indices

J: Helwan point (A3) metric indices

K: Jericho point (A4) metric indices

L: Byblos point (A5) metric indices

M: Amuq point (A6) metric indices

N: Ha-Parsa point (A7) metric indices

O: Nizzanim point (A8) metric indices

P: Herzliya point (A9) metric indices

Q: Barb types


Index of Sites

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