The Pennsylvania State University
Cover for the book After the Revolution

After the Revolution

Antoine-Jean Gros, Painting, and Propaganda Under Napoleon David O'Brien
  • Copyright: 2004
  • Dimensions: 9 x 11.5
  • Page Count: 344 pages
  • Illustrations: 70 color/79 b&w illustrations
  • Hardcover ISBN: 978-0-271-02305-2
  • Co-publisher: Éditions Gallimard

“The masses . . . must be guided without their noticing it.”—Napoleon to Joseph Fouché, his minister of police

Napoleon and Antoine-Jean Gros first met in 1796 in Italy, where the young French painter was working as a portraitist and attempting to recover from the upheavals of the French Revolution. The meeting changed Gros’s life. Soon thereafter, he was making paintings—Napoleon Visiting the Battlefield of Eylau, Napoleon Visiting the Plague-Stricken in Jaffa, and others—that commemorated the great deeds of “the Corsican upstart” and have come to be regarded as masterpieces of both art and propaganda.

After the Revolution by David O’Brien is the first account in over a century to trace Gros’s meteoric career, from its beginnings in Paris in David’s studio to its Napoleonic successes and its end in a mysterious suicide. Drawing on letters from the artist to his mother, many of which O’Brien discovered, this book gives the reader a compelling account of the opportunities and conflicts faced by a brilliant, sensitive artist working for an increasingly autocratic regime. O’Brien’s highly original book weaves a comprehensive biography of Gros together with a history of the institutional machinery through which Napoleon encouraged but also regulated the arts. Here again, O’Brien introduces the reader to new documents—this time, records from the Archives Nationales—that illuminate the personalities and policies directing the representation of Napoleon and his era.

The many color illustrations in After the Revolution enable the reader to follow O’Brien’s informative analysis of the mixing of fact and fiction in such famed paintings as the Battlefield of Eylau. Written in a clear, engaging style, this book will be of great interest to art historians, students of political and military history, and all those fascinated by Napoleon.

“Admiration for everything that is great made tears come to my eyes.”—Antoine-Jean Gros, upon learning that Bonaparte had returned to France from Egypt

David O'Brien is Associate Professor of Art History at the University of Illinois and the author of numerous articles on American and French art.


List of Illustrations



1. An Education in Italy

2. Art and the New Order in France

3. Divisions and Unities in 1804

4. The Propaganda Machine

5. Eylau, the Empire, and the Republic of the Arts

6. Second Thoughts





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