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Into Print

Limits and Legacies of the Enlightenment; Essays in Honor of Robert Darnton Edited by Charles Walton
Into Print conveys the impressive scale and scope of Darnton’s enduring influence on research on the Enlightenment and its antecedents as well as historical scholarship itself.”
“This book is a treat. It is well produced and edited and comes with a very useful and comprehensive bibliography of Darnton’s publications.”

The famous clash between Edmund Burke and Tom Paine over the Enlightenment’s “evil” or “liberating” potential in the French Revolution finds present-day parallels in the battle between those who see the Enlightenment at the origins of modernity’s many ills, such as imperialism, racism, misogyny, and totalitarianism, and those who see it as having forged an age of democracy, human rights, and freedom. The essays collected by Charles Walton in Into Print paint a more complicated picture. By focusing on print culture—the production, circulation, and reception of Enlightenment thought—they show how the Enlightenment was shaped through practice and reshaped over time.

These essays expand upon an approach to the study of the Enlightenment pioneered four decades ago: the social history of ideas. The contributors to Into Print examine how writers, printers, booksellers, regulators, police, readers, rumormongers, policy makers, diplomats, and sovereigns all struggled over that broad range of ideas and values that we now associate with the Enlightenment. They reveal the financial and fiscal stakes of the Enlightenment print industry and, in turn, how Enlightenment ideas shaped that industry during an age of expanding readership. They probe the limits of Enlightenment universalism, showing how demands for religious tolerance clashed with the demands of science and nationalism. They examine the transnational flow of Enlightenment ideas and opinions, exploring its domestic and diplomatic implications. Finally, they show how the culture of the Enlightenment figured in the outbreak and course of the French Revolution.

Aside from the editor, the contributors are David A. Bell, Roger Chartier, Tabetha Ewing, Jeffrey Freedman, Carla Hesse, Thomas M. Luckett, Sarah Maza, Renato Pasta, Thierry Rigogne, Leonard N. Rosenband, Shanti Singham, and Will Slauter.

Charles Walton is Associate Professor of History at Yale University.

Contents

Preface and Acknowledgments

Charles Walton

Un garçon plein d’esprit mais extrêmement dangereux: The Darnton Subversion”

Roger Chartier

Part 1: Making News

1 A Trojan Horse in Parliament: International Publicity in the Age of the American Revolution

Will Slauter

2 “The Bastard Child of a Noble House”: Détective and Middle-Class Culture in Interwar France

Sarah Maza

Part 2: Print, Paper, Markets, and States

3 Who Were the Booksellers and Printers of Eighteenth-Century France?

Thierry Rigogne

4 Making the Fair Trader: Papermaking, the Excise, and the English State, 1700–1815

Leonard N. Rosenband

5 Commerce with Books: Reading Practices and Book Diffusion at the Habsburg Court in Florence (1765–1790)

Renato Pasta

Part 3: Police and Opinion

6 Invasion of Lorient: Rumor, Public Opinion, and Foreign Politics in 1740s Paris

Tabetha Ewing

7 Book Seizures and the Politics of Repression in Paris, 1787–1789

Thomas M. Luckett

Part 4: Enlightenment in Revolution

8 A Grub Street Hack Goes to War

David A. Bell

9 Reading in extremis: Revolutionaries Respond to Rousseau

Carla Hesse

10 Les graines de la discorde: Print, Public Spirit, and Free Market Politics in the French Revolution

Charles Walton

Part 5: Enlightenment Universalism and Cultural Difference

11 The Limits of Tolerance: Jews, the Enlightenment, and the Fear of Premature Burial

Jeffrey Freedman

12 From Cosmopolitan Anticolonialism to Liberal Imperialism: French Intellectuals and Muslim North Africa in the Late Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Centuries

Shanti Singham

Appendix: Publications by Robert Darnton

List of Contributors

Index

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